Top Gradle interview questions and answers

What is Gradle build tool?

Gradle is a build automation tool based on Groovy and Kotlin. It’s open-source and flexible enough to build almost any type of software. It also supports both the automatic download of dependencies and many repositories, including Maven and Ivy.

Is Gradle a framework?

Gradle is a build automation tool for multi-language software development. … Gradle builds on the concepts of Apache Ant and Apache Maven, and introduces a Groovy- & Kotlin-based domain-specific language contrasted with the XML-based project configuration used by Maven.

What is DSL in Gradle?

Simply, it stands for ‘Domain-Specific Language’. IMO, in Gradle context, DSL gives you a gradle specific way to form your build scripts. More precisely, it’s a plugin-based build system that defines a way of setting up your build script using (mainly) building blocks defined in various plugins.

What is closure in Gradle?

Note in Gradle DSL, closures are frequently (and idiomatically) used as the last method parameter to configure some object. This is a pattern called configuration closure. … Gradle uses this for configuration closures, where the delegate object is set to the object to be configured.

What is assemble in Gradle?

Assemble will build your artifacts, and build will assemble your artifacts with additional checks. Build depends on assemble, so build is sort of a superset of assemble. You can have a look on the tasks that will be executed by using the –dry-run flag. e.g. gradlew build –dry-run.

Is Gradle only for Java?

Gradle runs on the JVM and you must have a Java Development Kit (JDK) installed to use it. … Several major IDEs allow you to import Gradle builds and interact with them: Android Studio, IntelliJ IDEA, Eclipse, and NetBeans.

What is EXT in build gradle?

ext is shorthand for project. ext , and is used to define extra properties for the project object. (It’s also possible to define extra properties for many other objects.) When reading an extra property, the ext. is omitted (e.g. println project.

What is apply from in Gradle?

The actual difference between apply from: and apply plugin: is that the former is to be used for script plugins given a path to the local file system or a URL to a remote location, and the latter is used for binary plugins using the plugin id.

Does Gradle use Groovy?

Gradle is a Groovy script. Thus it can execute arbitrary code and access any Java library, build-specific Gradle DSL, and the Gradle API.

How can you run Gradle build?

The Gradle command will run Gradle on the Gradle build script located in the same directory as the command prompt is located in. That means, that to run Gradle on a specific gradle build script you must change the directory in the command prompt into the directory where the build script is located.

Rajesh Kumar
Follow me
Latest posts by Rajesh Kumar (see all)