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What is Aerospike?

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Today’s growing on-demand business processes must ingest large volumes of data and make real-time decisions at the edge. Traditional NoSQL systems lack data consistency relational systems can’t reach internet scale and performance and mainframes are too costly and consuming and don’t scale horizontally. There are two type of database types which is SQL and NoSQL. SQL databases are those who come up with table based and work only with a predefined schema. That means users have to feed in data in the form of a table (rows and columns) in the database and also a predefined schema has to be maintained.  The structure comes in extremely handy when the entities and the kind of data that they work with is static. Example: in case of Uber and Instagram, the information related to users and businesses are devised in a static format, thus relying on SQL.

While practical in a variety of conditions, they come with limitations, mainly around the need to follow set guidelines and layouts in terms of data input.

NoSQL was introduced to solve these issues. Aerospike’s real-time data platform overcomes these challenges and is easily deployed in any public, private or multi-cloud architecture.

What is Aerospike?

Aerospike is a cloud-based and on premise NoSQL database platform designed to help enterprises in ecommerce, retail, online gaming, telecommunications, and advertising sectors streamline multi-site clustering, cross datacenter replication, and load balancing, among other processes on a unified platform.

Aerospike is one of the most high-performance NoSQL database that provides speed at scale. Aerospike is capable for the real-time transactional workloads that support mission-critical applications. These workloads have the mandate to deliver informed and immediate decisions for verticals like financial services, adtech, and also e-commerce. The unique combination of speed, scale, and reliability delivers up to 10x performance at 1/10th the cost compared to other databases till time.

History of Aerospike.

Aerospike was first known as Citrusleaf. With time, company that providing its database since 2010 rebranded both the company and then the name of software too. Later that named to Aerospike in 2012. Aerospike, the name is from the aerospike engine, kind of rocket nozzle that capable to maintain its output efficiency over a large range of altitudes, and is intended to refer to the software’s ability to scale up. On June 24, 2014, Aerospike was open sourced for the Aerospike database server and the Apache License Version 2.0 for its Aerospike client software development kit.

Latest Version of Aerospike

First Version of Aerospike is, released on September 27, 2021      and later that year latest version was released on December 10, 2021. The new things that improve in it was memory footprint and garbage collection for secondary indices and also support for PKI authentication.

Architecture Overview of Aerospike

It supports flexible data schemas and ACID transactions. The architecture consists of three layers:

  1. Client Layer: This layer includes the open source client libraries with Aerospike APIs, track nodes in the cluster and are aware of where data reside in the Aerospike cluster. It is implemented as an open source linkable library available in C, C#, Java, Node.js and others.
  • Clustering and Data Distribution Layer: This layer i responsible to manage and oversees cluster communications and automates capabilities like replication, fail-over and also cross data center synchronization. The Distribution layer is designed to eliminate manual operations with the systematic automation of all cluster management functions. It includes three modules:
  • Cluster Management Module
  • Data Migration Module
  • Transaction Processing Module
  • Data Storage Layer: This layer is for storing the data in DRAM and Flash. Data flows into policy containers, namespaces, which are semantically similar to databases in an RDBMS system.

In Aerospike:

It’s around 100 million keys can consume up to 6.2 GB of storage space. Meanwhile keys come with no size limitations, each of them are efficiently stored in 64 bytes.

Multi-threaded, Native, multi-core Flash I/O and an Aerospike log structured file system take advantage of low-level SSD read and write patterns. To minimize latency, writes to disk are performed in large blocks. This mechanism bypasses the standard file system, historically tuned to rotational disks.

The Smart Defragmenter and the Evictor work together to ensure that there is space in DRAM and that data is never lost and is always safely written to disk.

Smart Defragmenter: Tracks the number of active records in each block and reclaims blocks that fall below a minimum level of use.

Evictor: Removes expired records and reclaims memory if the system gets beyond a set high-water mark. Expiration times are configured per namespace. Record age is calculated from the last modification. The application can override the default lifetime and specify that a record should never be evicted.

Aerospike Database Technology

  • Aerospike Database Technology
  • Real Time Transaction Engine
  • Data Distribution
  • Smart Cluster Management
  • Dynamic Data Rebalancer
  • High Performance Storage Engine
  • Cross Data Center Replication.

What are the benefits of Aerospike Database for Business?

  • Replaces Cache

This is one of the most effective advantage of aerospike database lies in high throughput and low latency makes it an ideal cache replacement platform. Cache is best suited when you work with static data. But, if the data is constantly changing, you will either have to deal with differences in database and cache or overwhelm database with writes. Compared to  similar one like Redis and Memcache, Aerospike data model comes with a built-in clustering that uses high performance SSDs overall.

  • User Profile Store

User profile storage becomes one of the primal Aerospike use cases. It has helped form the user store for a number of popular advertising agencies and The Trade Desk. It is also much cheaper to operate Aerospike with large-terabyte scale compared to other databases. The data in this category is usually between 1 to 10 KB.

  • Recommendation Engine

To increase the online engagement for a recommendation Engine to work right you would need to use innovative mathematical formulas along with domain based knowledge. If you are very new from scratch then you must need a fast data layer that support that supports various requests for every recommendation. Aerospike in-memory database, with its following features makes up for an excellent database:

An optimized Flash support for handling datasets to petabytes from terabytes,

Strong language support for Go and Python,

Large lists for recording behavior efficiently.

  • Fraud Detection

Fraud detection support is one the best thing to provide, because detecting fraud is every business’s goal, more prior when it is their user’s money or private information is at stake. Aerospike, with its low latency and NoSQL become an ideal database for such use cases when working on advanced algorithms that fraud detection requires, the tech stack is generally made of advanced libraries of ones that cannot easily push compute in databases which use SQL.

  • Messaging and Chat

Messaging has become ubiquitous to mobile app usage. And also with availability of 24*7*365, have no downtime, carry the functionality to share multiple data types, provide the option to save the chat history, all the while keeping it secure. In Aerospikes you can feed different data types that get the job done with ease.

  • Internet of Things

For the IoT trends, it will be prior importance that low latency is maintained and there is little to zero downtime, even if it is in the name of maintenance. Aerospike for big data analytics comes with the feature set to meet the low latency, high uptime and performance need of IoT.

An organization collects and respond to over millions of internet-dependent processing events every single day from many devices, sensors, and apps. The input types are possibly anything.

Companies using Aerospike NoSQL Database

There are a number of data centric brands that have taken their business to Aerospike, Some of the well-known players are:

Some of the Best Alternatives of Aerospike

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