What Is HTML?

By | March 27, 2019

HTML is a markup language for creating web documents / pages

1.Hyper Text Markup Language

2.Markup language – Uses a set of markup tags

3.NOT a programming language

HTML Tags

  1. HTML tags define HTML elements which is an individual component of an HTML document or web page.
  2. Keywords surrounded by angle brackets

<p>This is a paragraph element surrounded in paragraph tags</p>

Page Structure

<!DOCTYPE htm>
<html>
<head>
<title>My Webpage</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>This is my first web page,/p>

</body>
</html>

<!DOCTYPE html> – Declaration defines this document as HTML5
<html> – Describes an HTML document
<head> – Provides information about the document
<title>- Provides a title for the document

<body> – Describes the visible page content

Common Doctype Declarations

Closing Tags

Not all tags have closing tags like <p></p>
Some tags can close themselves
Line-Break Tag – <br>

Self Closing Line-Break Tag –<br/> (Remnant of XHTML)

Attributes

Tags can also have “attributes” which include extra bits of information about that tag/element. Attributes appear in the tag inside of quotation marks

<tag attribute=“value”></tag>
<a href=“http://google.com”>Click</a>
<h1 id=“myHeading”</h1>

Block Level Elements

  • Always starts on a new line
  • §Takes up full available width
<div>
<h1> -
<h6>

<form>

Inline Level Elements  

  • Does not start on a new line
  • Takes only width necessary
<span>
<a>
<img>

Creating A Web Page

  1. Use a text editor or IDE to create your HTML document
  2. Add elements, tags, attributes, etc
  3. Save file with a .html extension
  4. Open it up in a browser – No server needed